The Internet of Things can be used to improve office space management in many ways. This can include monitoring energy and resource usage, tracking employee productivity, and even enhancing workspace comfort. These technologies also generate massive amounts of data about a workspace, which can help facility managers know where employees spend most of their time, and which areas are occupied. It can help determine how many desks are available at the moment and, which of them are reserved. Further in the article, we are going to expand on each benefit in more detail and explain how to make a workspace more functional with IoT technology.
How to Manage Office Space?
Workplaces cost companies millions of dollars per year to operate. That includes:
coffee and snacks
cleaning services, and more.
It also takes a lot of energy to keep the space running properly and safely. That’s why it’s important to use the right tools for managing the workplace and approach it as an ecosystem, where each component matters.
To effectively manage an office, you need to consider:
Integration of advanced technology
Human resources management
Creation of the comfortable environment
Building of the company culture.
The Role of IoT Technologies in Workspace Environment
The Internet of Things is a network of internet-connected objects capable of collecting and exchanging data coming from embedded services. Devices included in the Internet of Things are connected to the network and can be tracked and controlled remotely.
IoT technologies can help create a more comfortable and healthier environment for employees while also reducing expenses. Energy used in buildings represents a significant part of global energy consumption and humans spend most of their time indoors. According toone of the recent research studies, the total HVAC consumption in a building is 60%, while global energy consumption has risen to 20 to 40% in developed countries.
IoT sensors, in turn, can be used to collect data on:
Occupancy/vacancy level, and other parameters.
This data can be analyzed to improve workplace management and increase employee satisfaction.
LoRaWAN Usage in Smart Building IoT
IoT devices can operate based on different protocols and networks such as LoRa, Wi-Fi, Sig-Fox, Bluetooth, and many others.
LoRa is a radio frequency (RF) telecommunications technology used by Low-Power, Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) devices. It was developed to create wireless networks suited for devices that require low power consumption and long-range transmission capabilities.
LoRaWAN, in turn, is a communication protocol and system architecture for a data network based on LoRa.LoRaWAN has many benefits over the other technologies present on the market, including:
ISM band/License-free frequency band
These are the main reasons why TEKTELIC has chosen this particular technology for operation and as the base connectivity option for our gateways and devices.
What Workplace Data Can You Collect?
IoT sensors can collect different types of data, depending on the purpose of a sensor and monitoring needs.
Lighting in the workspace has a significant impact on worker motivation, productivity, and health. Whether you choose natural or artificial light, optimal lighting can help boost the performance of your employees and the business of your company. The right lighting can also improve employee mood and reduce glare and computer screen strain.
Sometimes, some lights go out of service unnoticed, which leads to a lack of lighting, creating an uncomfortable working setting, influencing employee productivity level, and reducing creativity.
To address this problem and keep the workspace optimal for the employees, TEKTELIC has designedCOMFORT, a sensor, which monitors lighting (on/off), temperature, and humidity, and has leak detection capability. It is a small-sized device, so it can be easily deployed in any office space for monitoring the ambient environment. Besides, COMFORT has an extensive battery life of up to 10 years, which makes it a long-term investment in the smart office space.
Besides, TEKTELIC already hasa successful use case of deployment COMFORT for monitoring office environments in the United Kingdom. The main issue was to gain access to remote monitoring of building conditions and be able to adjust them accordingly when needed. With TEKTELIC COMFORT and the goldeni platform, facility managers are aware of office space density in real time and can optimize energy consumption and ensure proper lighting levels for the maximum efficiency of the workers.
Indoor air quality is a parameter that often goes overlooked, but employees need to breathe fresh air free of harmful particles or contaminants. For instance,according to the research made in course of the Global CogFx study, high levels of CO2 can affect their performance in a variety of ways, including headaches, fatigue, and trouble concentrating.According to a study led by a team of Harvard researchers, cognitive ability scores declined by 15% at 950 ppm and 50% at 1,400 ppm. When the CO2 level goes up, office workers are likely to find it hard to focus, understand information, and make decisions. That’s why companies need to monitor air quality and adjust ventilation/HVAC systems accordingly.
Obviously, there are many things you can do to improve the air quality in your workspace even without sensors. For example, keeping your office clean and removing all debris can help keep pollutants out. You should also be sure to regularly vacuum your carpet to prevent dust mites, molds, and other pollutants from being circulated through the air. However, without knowing precise measurements, it’s hard to schedule cleaning and/or ventilation properly. That’s why it will be beneficial to install air quality monitors in communal spaces to make adjustments in the HVAC system as needed and ensure your workspace is healthy for your employees.
TEKTELIC offersBREEZE-Dto address this issue. It consists of theBREEZE sensor and anE-Ink display, which visualizes the measurements and updates every minute (by default) or every other time indicated time period. BREEZE monitors CO2 level, humidity, and temperature, which are the 3 most important parameters for the indoor environment. The sensor has wall, ceiling, and table mount configurations, so it can be placed in meeting rooms, kitchens, and any other office spaces. The E-Ink display tablet, in turn, can be mounted on a table or wall and is completely wireless.
A lot of people find noise distracting in the workplace, and that’s why minimizing noise is essential to work success. The best way to minimize the noise in the workplace is to remove loud equipment from areas where employees are working. This includes machines and generators that are used regularly, as well as other tools that create too much noise for workers to work around.
Technology can help address this issue as well. One way is to use a sound masking system that adds consistent, low-level ambient noise (white noise) to the workplace and makes it harder to hear side conversations, which act as distractions for many employees. Another way is to place acoustic wall panels and sound isolation in some of the rooms to make them suitable for calls or focused working.
Occupancy monitoring is another crucial metric for office management, especially with the rising popularity of hybrid work and the demand for space. When there is no real-time data on the available and occupied areas, employees may waste time looking for the available working station or meeting room, which will lead to a decrease in efficiency.
Luckily, there are several ways to monitor occupancy in the workspace. The easiest way is to use sensors that detect motion or heat. These sensors can be placed throughout the modern workplace to provide real-time data on occupancy levels. For instance, TEKTELIC has developed theTEMPO Meeting Room Booking Solution, which solves the problem of room booking and facilities management.
TEMPO solution consists ofKONA Micro IoT Gateway,VIVID, andTEMPO Display Tablet. This solution allows you to book a room via Microsoft Outlook or Google Calendar without any additional software and visualize the information on a display tablet, which can be mounted right near the room entrance. VIVID sensor, in turn, as part of this solution, having the PIR lens detects the motion inside the room and if the place is booked but no motion is detected, it sends an alert to the user and cancels the booking, so someone else can use the space. KONA Micro works as a hub, which ensures communication between the sensor, display, and application.
How to Make a Workspace More Functional?
More businesses and facilities managers are now seeing the benefits of implementing IoT technologies in their office spaces. The result is workplace agility and productive workspaces for employees and a healthier bottom line for commercial real estate owners.
Integrate Stationary and Wearable Devices
IoT solutions in the form of wearables or sensor-enabled appliances are an excellent way to measure how your workspace is being used and optimize its performance. For example, an intelligent room booking system, like the one we’ve already mentioned, is a great way to save time while ensuring your customers are getting the most out of their workspace.
As for the wearables, TEKTELIC has recently presentedSEAL, which is designed to locate personnel around the premises using LoRaWAN, BLE, and GPS. It has a ruggedized IP67 design, so it can be used in diverse environments (indoors and outdoors). The battery life of SEAL is up to 12 months and it supports event-based start-up, so the device will send the data only when movement is detected. It helps to prolong battery life as well.
Introduce Smart Locks
Employees who work for large firms often forget their keys or electronic cards. So, some team members have to open a room for them or call the reception desk to let them in, which is really inconvenient, and distract company workers from their job. Smart locking, in turn, in conjunction with attendance systems ensures that there can never be such a situation since workers may use the app on their smartphone to come in. Additionally, if a business enterprise needs to monitor the attendance of its employees, this smart lock system will allow business owners to know when the employee entered or left the office.
Integrate Smart Lighting System
Usually, in office space, there are a lot of lamps that consume a lot of energy and become costly for business enterprises. Lightning charges are a critical cost for offices, which have to pay rent in addition to utility fees. Plus, employees often forget to turn off lights while not working, and lamps usually remain active during workweeks, regardless of the necessity.
On the contrary, smart lighting devices are controlled by IoT technologies, which will turn them off automatically to minimize light consumption. Additionally, a smart bulb can connect to employees’ devices and schedules and learn their working process to better adjust brightness and color balance during the day.
Focus on Scalability
At the same time, in order to maximize the efficiency of an IoT implementation, it’s important to pick a solution that has the best fit for your business. It should be scalable enough to accommodate your needs, as well as easy to implement and deploy. It should also provide a variety of data points to help you make the most informed decisions possible.
What are the Benefits of Using IoT for Office Management?
Elevating Employee Health
A facility manager has more responsibilities than simply ensuring a building’s functioning at the best possible level of its productivity. With the use of IoT, managers can also keep track of the health of employees. IoT devices allow business owners to track workers’ heart rates and monitor steps that are taken every day by each one of them, which can be a base for a decision on the need for some activity like a yoga lesson during the lunch break time.
Furthermore, it can be used to manage employees’ work-life balance and create a schedule most comfortable for everyone. People want to work and still have time for some entertainment like table tennis; so IoT solutions can help companies make their work environments more enjoyable and productive. Even stationary CO2 monitors or room monitoring devices can help ensure ergonomics in the office and make a healthy work environment.
Making Business Spaces More Accessible
The information on space accessibility can be really useful for a company to determine which departments need more meeting rooms, and where there are enough of them already. IoT sensors can even help you monitor floor traffic data. For example, TEKTELIC has asuccessful project of optimizing cleaning routes around the office withKONA Micro Gateway andVIVID sensors. The VIVID sensor detects motion with the PIR lens, providing the factual occupancy data needed to determine cleaning needs and develop dynamic routes for cleaning staff. VIVID has an extensive battery lifespan of up to 10 years, simple in deployment, and is compact, so it will fit in any interior.
KONA Micro in this case acts as a data hub, which transmits data from the device to the platform with detailed floor plans, so cleaners can organize their work without disturbing other employees. KONA Micro IoT Gateway is a unique gateway because of its 4-hour battery backup and it will continue receiving and transmitting data even if the main site is out of power.
Providing and Receiving Real-Time Feedback
With wireless solutions and sensors, employees can receive real-time feedback instantly, which can be useful in a number of ways. The ability to receive instant feedback improves productivity among workers and has a positive impact on their performance, in general.
By adding IoT devices to your office, you can automate tasks and boost productivity. For example, you can use smart speakers to record meetings, and then analyze them more in detail or give these recordings to your team lead for feedback. Big tech companies can use this data to analyze how people behave during meetings and conferences and then decide on the employees that are more suitable for oral presentations.
Reduced Energy Consumption
IoT technology can assist offices and buildings in cutting back on energy consumption by automatically turning down lighting, heating, and cooling systems when they are not needed. Additionally, it enables businesses to monitor how much energy they are using so they can make necessary adjustments and save costs.
The Internet of Things is already helping buildings save money, improve energy efficiency, increase functionality, and more. So, if you want to keep up with the demands of modern office management, you need to choose a trusted company because the choice of a company will impact the overall execution of the idea. TEKTELIC, in turn, can be a great choice for you because we offer reliable, customized, and long-lasting devices andLoRaWAN gateways at quite an affordable price.